Змеиногорск (Рудный Алтай)
"Исход. Секретнокаторжные горы Змеиной." Художник Иван Мамонтов.(Алтайская Организация Союза Художников России)
(С) Иван Мамонтов
Стоит Змеиногорск в распадке рудных гор,
Легенда старины в названии таится.
На утренней заре по дымке бросишь взор
И кажется: по склонам старых гор
Туман истории дымится и клубится.
Вот камень у пруда, вот штольни старой вход,
Вот барельеф из скал, нависших над карьером.
Привидится в момент столетий мерный ход –
Из зева старой шахты выйдет вот,
Тот самый рудознатец Федор, знатный делом.
Седая голова с отливом серебра,
А искорки из глаз, как золота частицы.
Натруженной рукой, стирая пот со лба.
Он спросит вдруг: - «Ну, как, насчет добра,
Что здесь нашел я, славно потрудившись?»
Пусть все не наяву, но в том и весь секрет,
И время говорить, конечно, не в новинку,
История велит – оставленный нам след
Хранить, принять же это, как завет
И поклониться рудознатцу, как в старинку.
Не мало лет рассвет менял закат,
за четверть века вот уже перевалило
И с дня с того, когда в горе открылся клад,
Ведь время не крутилось же назад,
Казалось бы, гора все чрево раздарила.
Но время разное творит и разный сказ –
Достались цепи от колодников музеям,
А новые копры над шахтами сейчас
Нам говорят, что не иссяк запас,
Живет Змеиногорск, легендами овеян.
(С) Борис Есипов
Where did the word Altai
Altai region, in particular Zmeinogorsky area, have a rich historical past. Initial vehiego lost in the dense old days. The most conservative estimates of scientists, since the appearance of man in the Altai has been more than 40 000 years.
Where does and what does the word "Altai". Many literary sources claim that the Altai - a "Gold Mountain", from the Turkic word "pennies" _zoloto and "tau" - Mt. This definition is quite clearly confirmed by the remarkable natural resources, which are famous Altai land.
From ancient times to the rivers and lakes of the Altai vodilas fish, dense forests of its abundant game, meadows and grasslands, plains and mountains were excellent pasture for cattle. Moderate continental climate and fertile soil provide growing of cereals and vegetables.
That's what they say in the description of Siberia in 1683 one of the Russian travelers' sites have been exceedingly abundant forests and fields, and every beast, and sables, and foxes, and birds and fish, beaver and many rivers ".
Indeed, Golden Mountains. That is, obviously, need to understand the whole name of the mountain country.
- No, - shook his head in thought the old shepherd, he met Vera Vetlinoy on the slopes of the Alps Chui - but not so. Look at the proteins that up. You see, a big rock like a mountain with snow smokes? And I still flock there during the week was - there is grass above the knees. Snow ate grass. Then tomorrow, the day after gobble. Look where I will spend the winter with the sheep - he showed towards the deep valley. - And in the summer here I come again. So my grandfather and my grandfather, my grandfather always lived. Six months in the mountains with their cattle, six months - in the valleys. And the mountain called "Alti" - six on our way, the Altai, "ah" - a month. Hence, the "six months" and will "Altai".
It was the first denial of the literature, followed by a second.
- Six-the six months, it's the truth, he said, but only the old people talk differently, from its name, said the same Vetlinoy hunter who met her in the forest, and then told to halt such a legend: < / p>
"a long, long ago people lived among these mountains. And nobody has ever managed to get out of them." Where is the edge of our land? "- they asked each other. But no one could answer this question. then volunteered Sarkaptay - Hercules: "I will tell you whether the great land of ours. Wait for me for six days, "He sat on his heroic horse, whistled and jumped over the nearest ridge. People waited for six days, but did not return at the appointed time hero. Again and waited for six days - to no avail. Dispersed then the people in the valleys and gorges, no hope longer to learn the truth.
Only six months after the athlete has returned home, tired and dusty. So great was impregnable, and mountainous country, and that the horse does not go round Bogatyrsky it smaller, like half a year ".
Well, probably, and this hunter-Altai was correct in his interpretation of the word "Altai".
"Zmeinogorsk - a brief description of the history ..."
question of who owns the pioneering Zmeinogorsk field and when it was discovered in the literature is interpreted in different ways - wrote local historian Michael F. Rosen in his book "Kolyvan and Mountain Snake." Like most other deposits of the Altai, Zmeinogorsk open to Peipsi development. The word "Chud" spread in the European Russian North as the common name of the Finno-Ugric tribes, and later he began to apply generally unknown to the ancient peoples and the various tracks of the past. In such a sense of the word "Chud", "Peipsi" came to Siberia. Numerous ancient production at Snake Mountain was hard to miss and it seems that they became known before the Demidov works. Back in 1725 James rudoiskatel Kostylev filed in the Siberian Chief bergamt full-term in Yekaterinburg on the copper ores found in eight locations on the "Lake Peipsi temple" and including the Snake Mountain. And in 1744 in St. Petersburg became aware of the gold ore at Snake Hill. The systematic development of the field was started in 1745, and at the same time built a fortress to protect against possible attacks of nomads. No one ever on this fortress attacked, and so far from it were two guns, but the title: Battery Hill. And moved from areas of the Urals in the Russian Altai folk artisan Belovodye
Another over the hill
Zmeinogorsk called Guard. Perhaps in ancient times this hill dominating the districts was a constant watch, warning of the approach of the robbers of the gold. According to the archaeologist Sergei Rudenko, of these places is the famous story of Herodotus speaks of the Hyperboreans and the neighboring eyed Arimaspians Guarding the Golden Griffin.
"Snake Mountain - wrote Academician Peter Simon Pallas, who visited Zmeinogorsk in 1771 - in all fairness deserves to be named head of all hitherto known mines of Siberia." Academic Laxman in his work on the silver ore, published in 1775, wrote that the kites Hill: "... since 1745, even before 1768 the ore plain, mixed with native gold in such great numbers found what seemed like the top of the aforementioned mountains thick vein of ore from this one, with small admixtures tokmo some ores contain ".
remarkable fact that in the summer of 1855 Dostoevsky and his friend, lawyer and state-owned Baron A.E.Vrangel criminal cases, which consisted of a scientific correspondence with A.Gumboldtom in porphyry mountains near Zmeinogorsk, one of the oldest Mine did the most famous discovery - the skeleton of Lake Peipsi ore miner, who died in crash. If there were guns and leather scrip, stuffed with carefully selected fragments of ore.
In the early 80-ies of the 18th century engineer, Kozma Frolov Zmeinogorsk mine creates a complex system of hydraulic devices, the influence of which was pumped out water from deep horizons of the mine and has been the rise of mechanized ore from the mines. On the river above the mine Cleistogenes squarrosa in the rocky banks of the dam was built 18 meters in height and formed a vast lake. Tunnel length of 750 meters supplying water to the ore-cars. Catherine Wheel car of mine, which had a diameter of 17 meters, driving pumps, pump water from deep (up to 213 m) horizons. From them, the water went under the ground to the 16-meter wheel, and the Ascension of the mine where gravity went to the mouth of Cleistogenes squarrosa Krestitelskoy tunnel that began in the mine at a depth of 40 meters. Tunnel is still in effect. Currently preserved stone arch over the huge Catherine wheel.
work in the mine has repeatedly stopped and started again, until the post-war Soviet era, when they were the remains have collected and processed ore piles. Snake Mountain has turned into an anti-hill, into the pit. The lower floors, now located under the bottom of a career, mostly filled with water and littered with rubble. However, it is possible that there were large and inaccessible to us void.
hard and dangerous work in the underground workings was reflected in the popular mind demonization adits and shafts. Hidden under a mountain of wealth seemed to be the preserve of the underground snake in the areas of ore were circulated legend about a giant snake, the host of the local mountains. The snake was a figure of Christianity is uniquely associated with the Devil.
In "Lord of the Rings" Tolkien talked about Moria - Podgorny kingdom of gnomes. Silver ore mining, dwarves, miners dug up in the mountains to the roots and awakened dormant underground horror of it - a fiery spirit. In mythology he is called Altai Erlik, the Kazakhs of Western Siberia - an underground Azhdarhoy serpent that lives in caves and guards treasures, sometimes endowing their people. Snakes Avragim Mogoy the Mongolian people imprisoned in an underground fortress hero, filled the cave rock. At the end of time and the world he must escape. Tolkien's dwarves fled from their spirit awakened, leaving their mines. In the Altai, was told the same thing about the Chud. These legends always give birth where there is an abandoned workings, is inaccessible to people underground cavities.
Результаты голосования - 'Есть у Змеиногорска.РУ будущее?'
Всего проголосовало - 474 человек
|да, и хорошее - 278 голосов, ||58.65 %|
|нет, деградация - 162 голосов, ||34.18 %|
|отстань, не до этого - 34 голосов, ||7.17 %|
Найти на Сайте/Сети