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Zmeinogorsk.RU - The most Eurasia Center (Ore Altai Mountain and Stonecutters Kolyvan', History and Modernity)
Author: Gorshechnikov Y.V.
City by the Snake ANTI Mountains
Over centuries the city was that mysterious Zmeinogorsk pantry, which were scooped out, seemingly inexhaustible natural resources of gold and silver. Many thousands of unknown convicts laid down their lives on the rocks in underground tunnels ruthless Zmeinogorsk. This is the only part of the story of the legendary city that we can imagine, and yet there are still, in its territory, "Chud Mine," on which rudoznattsy could find that same deposit of gold and silver from the Snake Mountain.
Found by prospectors territory that is now called "Ore Altai", in fact was known long before them. Legends about "vulture guarding gold" were known in ancient Greece. Under the "vultures" is supposed to be a mysterious population of Ore Altai, which was before the arrival of Russian. Where does this "Chud population", with its rich and ancient culture, and where the disappeared remains a mystery until now!
Mastering wealth Snake Mountain was part of that boundless energy, which drives the whole Russian Empire, which was the source of the Emperor Peter 1. With his "easy" hands on his order in 1697 on the "exploration and production of various ores," began the official history of the earth Zmeinogorsky.
In these troubled times, "when the young Russian , a man with a genius of Peter ," in the " muddy water " has managed to catch the "big fish" Akinfiy Demidov, quirky and smart Ural manufacturers . It was he who took possession of the " treasures of the Snake Mountain ." At the right moment , namely January 1, 1726 , he came to the reception to the Empress Catherine 1 Akinfiy , presented her designs Zmeinogorsky ores. In conversation reminded that produce all kinds of ores and build factories , it was said Demidov , by Peter 1. That there was not, but Zmeinogorsk fate was sealed , and Demidov became the full owner . No one but him , and God did not know what kind of arbitrariness and atrocities were happening here , the reputation of the supplier of gold and silver Demidov securely protected from the attacks of justice.
Zmeevaya name of the mountain, whose name was the name of the city Zmeinogorsk, due to the huge number of snakes, vodivshihsya on its slopes. In ancient legends mention Big Snake, who lives in the depths of the mountain. And here in this den of vipers came Demidovskie rudoznattsy and servitude, forgotten by God and man, picks and shovels dug also released the "Big Snake"!
Since ancient times , the glorious land Zmeinogorsky was a lot of things done, such masterpieces that can snake but the Highlanders , without false modesty, pride . Was built in 1806 by Peter Frolov , Russia's first railway. Ivan Polzunova built only in Siberia Derivative (the word " drift " in Latin means " abduction " , a system of underground tunnels, called derivational who " take away " a portion of the artificial pond water ) installation , which operated until 1785 . A man-made pond, which arose on the project , the father of Peter Frolov Frolov Kozma , still pleases visitors and residents Zmeinogorsk . And the fact that the dam is constructed by , literally , was built on the corpses of hard work , all modestly silent ! Supply of water , which arose in the reservoir after the construction of the dam , through a complex maze of underground cut out by hand convicts in a stone column " Siberian mines ," water canals with a total length of about 2.6 " underground " kilometers, has been a driving force for six large water wheels installed Snake in the depths of the mountain. These wheels through a system of screws and balances set in motion a complex mechanism that is fully mechanized lifting ore and pumping out " underground " water from the depths of Zmeinogorsk field. This combination of flight engineering and ruthless hard labor , nowhere else was not, and hopefully will never happen again ! From the " Zmeinogorsk " made ??of gold sarcophagus of Alexander Nevsky, which is now kept in the State Hermitage Museum . It is there, is the world's largest stone vase, the so-called "Queen Vaz " made of jasper , mined near Zmeinogorsk . And it is an incomplete listing of all of those "miracles" that have been created in Zmeinogorsk.
No masterpieces of civilized Europe, at the time could not compete with those projects that have been implemented "in the depths of Siberian mines!" But the secret of the "achievements of the" simple! Human life is not valued, hard work "for the good of the motherland", is the basis of all these "achievements"! Good or bad, it's not us!
(prepared on the basis of material: http://zmeinogorsk.ru) Slides!
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Змеиногорск (Рудный Алтай)
"Исход. Секретнокаторжные горы Змеиной." Художник Иван Мамонтов.(Алтайская Организация Союза Художников России)
(С) Иван Мамонтов
Стоит Змеиногорск в распадке рудных гор,
Легенда старины в названии таится.
На утренней заре по дымке бросишь взор
И кажется: по склонам старых гор
Туман истории дымится и клубится.
Вот камень у пруда, вот штольни старой вход,
Вот барельеф из скал, нависших над карьером.
Привидится в момент столетий мерный ход –
Из зева старой шахты выйдет вот,
Тот самый рудознатец Федор, знатный делом.
Седая голова с отливом серебра,
А искорки из глаз, как золота частицы.
Натруженной рукой, стирая пот со лба.
Он спросит вдруг: - «Ну, как, насчет добра,
Что здесь нашел я, славно потрудившись?»
Пусть все не наяву, но в том и весь секрет,
И время говорить, конечно, не в новинку,
История велит – оставленный нам след
Хранить, принять же это, как завет
И поклониться рудознатцу, как в старинку.
Не мало лет рассвет менял закат,
за четверть века вот уже перевалило
И с дня с того, когда в горе открылся клад,
Ведь время не крутилось же назад,
Казалось бы, гора все чрево раздарила.
Но время разное творит и разный сказ –
Достались цепи от колодников музеям,
А новые копры над шахтами сейчас
Нам говорят, что не иссяк запас,
Живет Змеиногорск, легендами овеян.
(С) Борис Есипов
Legend of the White Chud ...
inhabited the Altai Chud legendary, mysterious ancient people, of whom nothing is known except prevailing among the people legends.
In ancient times, lived in the Altai white-eyed chud, selilas in pits in the forest, hid the treasure under the ground. Chud was adept in many crafts, iron was able to persuade, with silver and gold to make friends. But that's bloomed in Altai unprecedented tree - white birch, and came with him to fight a war the White King. Chud did not want to stay under the White king, went underground passages and heaped stones. Until now, you can see their former entrances. And that no one followed her went, leaving a passage Chud magical stone guards. Above the mines Chud watches a snake-moth, red as fire, poison, and five meters bryzzhuschaya. From it, even the rider can not escape: metnetsya tongue of fire. A huge leap of any catches. And in the old mines of live snakes, a huge snake, it is difficult to see, and the traces are often found: if the log was dragged in the dust. That protects the most distant runner passages that lead to the heart of the earth.
say that not all gone Chud. When people come out and give Belovodye all the people of great knowledge, then returned Chud, with all the mined underground treasures.
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Результаты голосования - 'Есть у Змеиногорска.РУ будущее?'
Всего проголосовало - 474 человек
|да, и хорошее - 278 голосов, ||58.65 %|
|нет, деградация - 162 голосов, ||34.18 %|
|отстань, не до этого - 34 голосов, ||7.17 %|