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Zmeinogorsk.RU - The most Eurasia Center (Ore Altai Mountain and Stonecutters Kolyvan', History and Modernity)
Author: Gorshechnikov Y.V.
City by the Snake ANTI Mountains
Over centuries the city was that mysterious Zmeinogorsk pantry, which were scooped out, seemingly inexhaustible natural resources of gold and silver. Many thousands of unknown convicts laid down their lives on the rocks in underground tunnels ruthless Zmeinogorsk. This is the only part of the story of the legendary city that we can imagine, and yet there are still, in its territory, "Chud Mine," on which rudoznattsy could find that same deposit of gold and silver from the Snake Mountain.
Found by prospectors territory that is now called "Ore Altai", in fact was known long before them. Legends about "vulture guarding gold" were known in ancient Greece. Under the "vultures" is supposed to be a mysterious population of Ore Altai, which was before the arrival of Russian. Where does this "Chud population", with its rich and ancient culture, and where the disappeared remains a mystery until now!
Mastering wealth Snake Mountain was part of that boundless energy, which drives the whole Russian Empire, which was the source of the Emperor Peter 1. With his "easy" hands on his order in 1697 on the "exploration and production of various ores," began the official history of the earth Zmeinogorsky.
In these troubled times, "when the young Russian , a man with a genius of Peter ," in the " muddy water " has managed to catch the "big fish" Akinfiy Demidov, quirky and smart Ural manufacturers . It was he who took possession of the " treasures of the Snake Mountain ." At the right moment , namely January 1, 1726 , he came to the reception to the Empress Catherine 1 Akinfiy , presented her designs Zmeinogorsky ores. In conversation reminded that produce all kinds of ores and build factories , it was said Demidov , by Peter 1. That there was not, but Zmeinogorsk fate was sealed , and Demidov became the full owner . No one but him , and God did not know what kind of arbitrariness and atrocities were happening here , the reputation of the supplier of gold and silver Demidov securely protected from the attacks of justice.
Zmeevaya name of the mountain, whose name was the name of the city Zmeinogorsk, due to the huge number of snakes, vodivshihsya on its slopes. In ancient legends mention Big Snake, who lives in the depths of the mountain. And here in this den of vipers came Demidovskie rudoznattsy and servitude, forgotten by God and man, picks and shovels dug also released the "Big Snake"!
Since ancient times , the glorious land Zmeinogorsky was a lot of things done, such masterpieces that can snake but the Highlanders , without false modesty, pride . Was built in 1806 by Peter Frolov , Russia's first railway. Ivan Polzunova built only in Siberia Derivative (the word " drift " in Latin means " abduction " , a system of underground tunnels, called derivational who " take away " a portion of the artificial pond water ) installation , which operated until 1785 . A man-made pond, which arose on the project , the father of Peter Frolov Frolov Kozma , still pleases visitors and residents Zmeinogorsk . And the fact that the dam is constructed by , literally , was built on the corpses of hard work , all modestly silent ! Supply of water , which arose in the reservoir after the construction of the dam , through a complex maze of underground cut out by hand convicts in a stone column " Siberian mines ," water canals with a total length of about 2.6 " underground " kilometers, has been a driving force for six large water wheels installed Snake in the depths of the mountain. These wheels through a system of screws and balances set in motion a complex mechanism that is fully mechanized lifting ore and pumping out " underground " water from the depths of Zmeinogorsk field. This combination of flight engineering and ruthless hard labor , nowhere else was not, and hopefully will never happen again ! From the " Zmeinogorsk " made ??of gold sarcophagus of Alexander Nevsky, which is now kept in the State Hermitage Museum . It is there, is the world's largest stone vase, the so-called "Queen Vaz " made of jasper , mined near Zmeinogorsk . And it is an incomplete listing of all of those "miracles" that have been created in Zmeinogorsk.
No masterpieces of civilized Europe, at the time could not compete with those projects that have been implemented "in the depths of Siberian mines!" But the secret of the "achievements of the" simple! Human life is not valued, hard work "for the good of the motherland", is the basis of all these "achievements"! Good or bad, it's not us!
(prepared on the basis of material: http://zmeinogorsk.ru) Slides!
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Змеиногорск (Рудный Алтай)
"Исход. Секретнокаторжные горы Змеиной." Художник Иван Мамонтов.(Алтайская Организация Союза Художников России)
(С) Иван Мамонтов
Стоит Змеиногорск в распадке рудных гор,
Легенда старины в названии таится.
На утренней заре по дымке бросишь взор
И кажется: по склонам старых гор
Туман истории дымится и клубится.
Вот камень у пруда, вот штольни старой вход,
Вот барельеф из скал, нависших над карьером.
Привидится в момент столетий мерный ход –
Из зева старой шахты выйдет вот,
Тот самый рудознатец Федор, знатный делом.
Седая голова с отливом серебра,
А искорки из глаз, как золота частицы.
Натруженной рукой, стирая пот со лба.
Он спросит вдруг: - «Ну, как, насчет добра,
Что здесь нашел я, славно потрудившись?»
Пусть все не наяву, но в том и весь секрет,
И время говорить, конечно, не в новинку,
История велит – оставленный нам след
Хранить, принять же это, как завет
И поклониться рудознатцу, как в старинку.
Не мало лет рассвет менял закат,
за четверть века вот уже перевалило
И с дня с того, когда в горе открылся клад,
Ведь время не крутилось же назад,
Казалось бы, гора все чрево раздарила.
Но время разное творит и разный сказ –
Достались цепи от колодников музеям,
А новые копры над шахтами сейчас
Нам говорят, что не иссяк запас,
Живет Змеиногорск, легендами овеян.
(С) Борис Есипов
Where did the word Altai
Altai region, in particular Zmeinogorsky area, have a rich historical past. Initial vehiego lost in the dense old days. The most conservative estimates of scientists, since the appearance of man in the Altai has been more than 40 000 years.
Where does and what does the word "Altai". Many literary sources claim that the Altai - a "Gold Mountain", from the Turkic word "pennies" _zoloto and "tau" - Mt. This definition is quite clearly confirmed by the remarkable natural resources, which are famous Altai land.
From ancient times to the rivers and lakes of the Altai vodilas fish, dense forests of its abundant game, meadows and grasslands, plains and mountains were excellent pasture for cattle. Moderate continental climate and fertile soil provide growing of cereals and vegetables.
That's what they say in the description of Siberia in 1683 one of the Russian travelers' sites have been exceedingly abundant forests and fields, and every beast, and sables, and foxes, and birds and fish, beaver and many rivers ".
Indeed, Golden Mountains. That is, obviously, need to understand the whole name of the mountain country.
- No, - shook his head in thought the old shepherd, he met Vera Vetlinoy on the slopes of the Alps Chui - but not so. Look at the proteins that up. You see, a big rock like a mountain with snow smokes? And I still flock there during the week was - there is grass above the knees. Snow ate grass. Then tomorrow, the day after gobble. Look where I will spend the winter with the sheep - he showed towards the deep valley. - And in the summer here I come again. So my grandfather and my grandfather, my grandfather always lived. Six months in the mountains with their cattle, six months - in the valleys. And the mountain called "Alti" - six on our way, the Altai, "ah" - a month. Hence, the "six months" and will "Altai".
It was the first denial of the literature, followed by a second.
- Six-the six months, it's the truth, he said, but only the old people talk differently, from its name, said the same Vetlinoy hunter who met her in the forest, and then told to halt such a legend: < / p>
"a long, long ago people lived among these mountains. And nobody has ever managed to get out of them." Where is the edge of our land? "- they asked each other. But no one could answer this question. then volunteered Sarkaptay - Hercules: "I will tell you whether the great land of ours. Wait for me for six days, "He sat on his heroic horse, whistled and jumped over the nearest ridge. People waited for six days, but did not return at the appointed time hero. Again and waited for six days - to no avail. Dispersed then the people in the valleys and gorges, no hope longer to learn the truth.
Only six months after the athlete has returned home, tired and dusty. So great was impregnable, and mountainous country, and that the horse does not go round Bogatyrsky it smaller, like half a year ".
Well, probably, and this hunter-Altai was correct in his interpretation of the word "Altai".
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Результаты голосования - 'Есть у Змеиногорска.РУ будущее?'
Всего проголосовало - 474 человек
|да, и хорошее - 278 голосов, ||58.65 %|
|нет, деградация - 162 голосов, ||34.18 %|
|отстань, не до этого - 34 голосов, ||7.17 %|