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Zmeinogorsk.RU - The most Eurasia Center (Ore Altai Mountain and Stonecutters Kolyvan', History and Modernity)
Author: Gorshechnikov Y.V.
City by the Snake ANTI Mountains
Over centuries the city was that mysterious Zmeinogorsk pantry, which were scooped out, seemingly inexhaustible natural resources of gold and silver. Many thousands of unknown convicts laid down their lives on the rocks in underground tunnels ruthless Zmeinogorsk. This is the only part of the story of the legendary city that we can imagine, and yet there are still, in its territory, "Chud Mine," on which rudoznattsy could find that same deposit of gold and silver from the Snake Mountain.
Found by prospectors territory that is now called "Ore Altai", in fact was known long before them. Legends about "vulture guarding gold" were known in ancient Greece. Under the "vultures" is supposed to be a mysterious population of Ore Altai, which was before the arrival of Russian. Where does this "Chud population", with its rich and ancient culture, and where the disappeared remains a mystery until now!
Mastering wealth Snake Mountain was part of that boundless energy, which drives the whole Russian Empire, which was the source of the Emperor Peter 1. With his "easy" hands on his order in 1697 on the "exploration and production of various ores," began the official history of the earth Zmeinogorsky.
In these troubled times, "when the young Russian , a man with a genius of Peter ," in the " muddy water " has managed to catch the "big fish" Akinfiy Demidov, quirky and smart Ural manufacturers . It was he who took possession of the " treasures of the Snake Mountain ." At the right moment , namely January 1, 1726 , he came to the reception to the Empress Catherine 1 Akinfiy , presented her designs Zmeinogorsky ores. In conversation reminded that produce all kinds of ores and build factories , it was said Demidov , by Peter 1. That there was not, but Zmeinogorsk fate was sealed , and Demidov became the full owner . No one but him , and God did not know what kind of arbitrariness and atrocities were happening here , the reputation of the supplier of gold and silver Demidov securely protected from the attacks of justice.
Zmeevaya name of the mountain, whose name was the name of the city Zmeinogorsk, due to the huge number of snakes, vodivshihsya on its slopes. In ancient legends mention Big Snake, who lives in the depths of the mountain. And here in this den of vipers came Demidovskie rudoznattsy and servitude, forgotten by God and man, picks and shovels dug also released the "Big Snake"!
Since ancient times , the glorious land Zmeinogorsky was a lot of things done, such masterpieces that can snake but the Highlanders , without false modesty, pride . Was built in 1806 by Peter Frolov , Russia's first railway. Ivan Polzunova built only in Siberia Derivative (the word " drift " in Latin means " abduction " , a system of underground tunnels, called derivational who " take away " a portion of the artificial pond water ) installation , which operated until 1785 . A man-made pond, which arose on the project , the father of Peter Frolov Frolov Kozma , still pleases visitors and residents Zmeinogorsk . And the fact that the dam is constructed by , literally , was built on the corpses of hard work , all modestly silent ! Supply of water , which arose in the reservoir after the construction of the dam , through a complex maze of underground cut out by hand convicts in a stone column " Siberian mines ," water canals with a total length of about 2.6 " underground " kilometers, has been a driving force for six large water wheels installed Snake in the depths of the mountain. These wheels through a system of screws and balances set in motion a complex mechanism that is fully mechanized lifting ore and pumping out " underground " water from the depths of Zmeinogorsk field. This combination of flight engineering and ruthless hard labor , nowhere else was not, and hopefully will never happen again ! From the " Zmeinogorsk " made ??of gold sarcophagus of Alexander Nevsky, which is now kept in the State Hermitage Museum . It is there, is the world's largest stone vase, the so-called "Queen Vaz " made of jasper , mined near Zmeinogorsk . And it is an incomplete listing of all of those "miracles" that have been created in Zmeinogorsk.
No masterpieces of civilized Europe, at the time could not compete with those projects that have been implemented "in the depths of Siberian mines!" But the secret of the "achievements of the" simple! Human life is not valued, hard work "for the good of the motherland", is the basis of all these "achievements"! Good or bad, it's not us!
(prepared on the basis of material: http://zmeinogorsk.ru) Slides!
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Змеиногорск (Рудный Алтай)
"Исход. Секретнокаторжные горы Змеиной." Художник Иван Мамонтов.(Алтайская Организация Союза Художников России)
(С) Иван Мамонтов
Стоит Змеиногорск в распадке рудных гор,
Легенда старины в названии таится.
На утренней заре по дымке бросишь взор
И кажется: по склонам старых гор
Туман истории дымится и клубится.
Вот камень у пруда, вот штольни старой вход,
Вот барельеф из скал, нависших над карьером.
Привидится в момент столетий мерный ход –
Из зева старой шахты выйдет вот,
Тот самый рудознатец Федор, знатный делом.
Седая голова с отливом серебра,
А искорки из глаз, как золота частицы.
Натруженной рукой, стирая пот со лба.
Он спросит вдруг: - «Ну, как, насчет добра,
Что здесь нашел я, славно потрудившись?»
Пусть все не наяву, но в том и весь секрет,
И время говорить, конечно, не в новинку,
История велит – оставленный нам след
Хранить, принять же это, как завет
И поклониться рудознатцу, как в старинку.
Не мало лет рассвет менял закат,
за четверть века вот уже перевалило
И с дня с того, когда в горе открылся клад,
Ведь время не крутилось же назад,
Казалось бы, гора все чрево раздарила.
Но время разное творит и разный сказ –
Достались цепи от колодников музеям,
А новые копры над шахтами сейчас
Нам говорят, что не иссяк запас,
Живет Змеиногорск, легендами овеян.
(С) Борис Есипов
Last Legend Atlanta ...
That was long ago. Now I do not remember anybody, probably, but only lived on the shores of Lake Kolyvansky tribe miners. Many oniznali minerals but different metals at a time when the state and the Russian language was not. And just settled on the banks of rivers and wild tribes scattered. So, these people, that is, miners, lived vmire with nature, and nebylo their enemies among the wild beasts. They took what they had been given to the heavens, and they did not know grief. Yes, this is the only person that when it is well to live, he begins to imagine himself the king of nature, and do what he is not allowed. So it is with them - they began to hunt and fish without a measure Voser fish unnecessarily. Fortune turned away from them: vlesah game moved up, and the river emptied. Then came a great famine in those parts. Many people then triple the price paid for it. And then, when it ceased to hope, and humble and imploring ustli ask the old man came here - the shaman. Nobody knew who he was and why, and what was his name, I do not know, has not kept pamyatlyudskaya his name, but it was too powerful he was. And he returned to the wild beasts of the forest and fish in the lake, but with the instructions to not to neglect the precepts of their ancestors, and more guarded their places. With that and left. And the old man has since settled on the lake and began to protect its people and help them. Sometimes, the drought will happen, so he will catch the clouds and save the crops, or, conversely, the clouds disperse, if flooded. But he has helped, if considered necessary. And people did not go CNEM were afraid.
Much time has passed since the time when the old man first appeared on the lake. Several generations had time to be replaced. Lived there all calm and measured, but the end comes around. Looming over the lands of these dangerous black shadow. They brought a blue-gray on the wings of ravens news that goes on the ground the great army of devouring fire, and there is no salvation from it: plundering villages and people in the prisoner takes so kills. The tribe decided to send envoys to the shaman and ask for help. But they returned without an answer, did not appear old man: Toli, even too much for him to handle it, he just died felts. And they began to prepare for war, but knew that they did not survive. When the enemy came to the lake, went to meet him, Shaman. And he was alone, and he had no weapons, but the great strength of bylavnem. And he made them from the eternal prison of stone, and set to guard the lake. And the stoichiometric been taken ill, apparently tired badly. And one night, when a copper penny moon hid behind clouds bitten by side, he went to the hillock, and stood at the head of the stone army. And to this day stands guard.
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Результаты голосования - 'Есть у Змеиногорска.РУ будущее?'
Всего проголосовало - 474 человек
|да, и хорошее - 278 голосов, ||58.65 %|
|нет, деградация - 162 голосов, ||34.18 %|
|отстань, не до этого - 34 голосов, ||7.17 %|