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Ask a simple question about who actually lived in the Altai in the old days, you can reply to a long and difficult, involving the data of history, archeology and ethnography. However, any Russian peasant from the era preceding the compulsory secondary education, you would have answered very simply: "It used to live here Chud." In the Russian North chudyu sometimes called the Finno-Ugric tribes, however, and they (the Komi and Sami, for example) there own stories about the Chud. In the Samoyed, say, the mythology mentions identified with a small underground Russian chudyu narodec sihirtya have these characters called Enets siite. In summary, Chud - is an unknown ancient people who lived in these lands before the arrival of the current population. By existed in European Russia to the legends, "white-eyed" Chud make do with robbery, lived in holes in the wood (or disappeared in them), hid the treasure under the ground. In Siberia, the folklorists of the XIX century and found a lot of legends "Chud" cycle associated with the treasures, burial mounds, ancient mines. All told tales about the Chud, as ancient people who lived as if in Siberia before coming to her, not only Russian, but also other local people. All the stories ended with instructions to complete disappearance Chud: "gone to nowhere." In the Altai Chud care was associated with the simultaneous appearance of white birch, and "the white king." The way care is uniquely named - underground. In some legends Chud hidden in their own mines, in others - buried in the dwellings, in bulk to the roof rocks and undercut support. Such legends as existed at the Russian and the local residents. V.Verbitsky writes: "In general Altai tradition, during the remote Altai chudyu was inhabited, did not have any khans or Zaisan. At that time there was no birch. How long did this unprecedented tree Chud concluding that she did not sdobrovat . dug a pit in their posts approved for the ceiling of the stones and earth, and got into the pits, been cut, these pillars, and so without further ado the whole thing finished "(Verbitsky V. The Altai non-Russians. Moscow, 1893).
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